May 23, 2024
What is a Provident Fund For International Worker

What’s a Provident Fund For Worldwide Employee?


It’s a normal tendency of those that on the time of making use of for assignments in international international locations they solely have a tendency to concentrate to the tax legal guidelines of the nation and manier instances overlook the social safety legal guidelines of the nation. As per the Workers Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Act, 1952, each group with 20 or extra staff has to register with the nationwide safety system, which is managed by EPFO. Each employer and worker must contribute 12% of the worker’s wage within the EPF account. 

An IW (worldwide employee) is an worker who’s working with a company in India which is registered beneath EPF or an Indian citizen who’s working in a rustic with which India has a Social Safety Settlement (SSA). Thus, every international worker who’s employed within the group which is registered beneath EPF shall have their provident fund account from the beginning of their employment. 

The contribution in EPF accounts for international staff is similar as that of Indian staff, i.e., 12% of the wage. The IWs are exempt from making contributions of their EPF account solely when their nation has a Social Safety Settlement (SSA), or financial bi-lateral treaty with India. 

Social Safety Settlement

The Indian Authorities has entered into SSA bi-lateral devices with varied international locations to guard the curiosity of each employer and worker. As a consequence of this, employers are saved from making double contributions to social safety for a similar worker. However, the staff get the pension from the nation the place they select to stay and will not be required to remit contributions to their dwelling nation for getting the advantage of pension. Some notable advantages of bi-lateral social safety agreements are: 

  1. The SSA allows the remittance of social safety contributions amassed in another country to India or some other nation upon the relocation of the worker. 
  2. In case an Indian worker is on a brief time period venture within the nation with which India has a social safety settlement, then he’s exempt from making any contribution within the social safety of that nation supplied he’s persevering with to make a contribution within the social safety system of India. 

EPF Withdrawal Guidelines

The worldwide employee can withdraw the contributions made in EPF account beneath any of the next circumstances: 

  1. In case of great sickness like most cancers, tuberculosis, leprosy, and many others. 
  2. On the time of completion of his employment in India. 
  3. Retirement attributable to everlasting psychological or bodily incapacity to work. 
  4. On the age of 58 or extra, or on the time of retirement. 

Withdrawal beneath EPS

Beneath the EPS scheme, there may be solely the employer’s contribution, so it doesn’t acknowledge the worker’s contribution. Due to this fact, it doesn’t entitle the worldwide employees to obtain the advantages when they’re leaving India regardless of the accrued employer’s contribution. 

As per the above dialogue, it’s clear that for Worldwide Staff, the refund of pension funds is offered solely when India and their nation have entered right into a Social Safety Settlement. Thus, this can be very difficult for individuals who belong to the nation with which India doesn’t have SSAs, and their pension funds are locked-up in India until the time they attain the age of 58 years. Additionally, the withdrawal of pension funds might be made solely to an Indian account which makes your complete withdrawal course of much more troublesome.


Usually, when individuals take up assignments within the international international locations, they solely take note of the taxation system of the nation and sometimes overlook the social safety system. In India, the social safety system is carried out by the Worker Provident Fund Group. Accordingly, each group in India with 20 or extra staff is required to register beneath EPF. In EPF, each worker and employer every contribute 12% of the worker’s wage into the EPF account of the worker month-to-month. 

A person of one other nation who’s working with a company in India which is registered beneath EPF and an Indian particular person who’s working in a rustic with which India has a Social Safety Settlement, are referred to as Worldwide Staff (IW). As a consequence of this settlement the Indian employee can remit its pension contribution to India or some other nation upon relocation to India or any third nation. 

A global employee can withdraw pension in any of the next circumstances: 

  1. On the time of retirement or after attaining the age of 58. 
  2. In case of any critical sickness like most cancers, mind tumor, and many others. 
  3. After finishing employment in India.
  4. In case of retirement attributable to any psychological or bodily incapacity of labor.

 The quantity beneath EPS is contributed by the employer solely. Thus, its refund is offered solely on the time of retirement and never when the employee is leaving India.  

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