June 14, 2024

What’s a Provident Fund For Worldwide Employee?

What is a Provident Fund For International Worker


It’s a basic tendency of those that on the time of making use of for assignments in overseas international locations they solely have a tendency to concentrate to the tax legal guidelines of the nation and manier occasions overlook the social safety legal guidelines of the nation. As per the Workers Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Act, 1952, each group with 20 or extra workers has to register with the nationwide safety system, which is managed by EPFO. Each employer and worker need to contribute 12% of the worker’s wage within the EPF account. 

An IW (worldwide employee) is an worker who’s working with a company in India which is registered beneath EPF or an Indian citizen who’s working in a rustic with which India has a Social Safety Settlement (SSA). Thus, every overseas worker who’s employed within the group which is registered beneath EPF shall have their provident fund account from the beginning of their employment. 

The contribution in EPF accounts for overseas workers is similar as that of Indian workers, i.e., 12% of the wage. The IWs are exempt from making contributions of their EPF account solely when their nation has a Social Safety Settlement (SSA), or financial bi-lateral treaty with India. 

Social Safety Settlement

The Indian Authorities has entered into SSA bi-lateral devices with varied international locations to guard the curiosity of each employer and worker. As a result of this, employers are saved from making double contributions to social safety for a similar worker. Then again, the workers get the pension from the nation the place they select to reside and aren’t required to remit contributions to their residence nation for getting the good thing about pension. Some notable advantages of bi-lateral social safety agreements are: 

  1. The SSA allows the remittance of social safety contributions collected in another country to India or every other nation upon the relocation of the worker. 
  2. In case an Indian worker is on a brief time period undertaking within the nation with which India has a social safety settlement, then he’s exempt from making any contribution within the social safety of that nation supplied he’s persevering with to make a contribution within the social safety system of India. 

EPF Withdrawal Guidelines

The worldwide employee can withdraw the contributions made in EPF account beneath any of the next situations: 

  1. In case of significant sickness like most cancers, tuberculosis, leprosy, and so on. 
  2. On the time of completion of his employment in India. 
  3. Retirement because of everlasting psychological or bodily incapacity to work. 
  4. On the age of 58 or extra, or on the time of retirement. 

Withdrawal beneath EPS

Below the EPS scheme, there may be solely the employer’s contribution, so it doesn’t acknowledge the worker’s contribution. Due to this fact, it doesn’t entitle the worldwide employees to obtain the advantages when they’re leaving India regardless of the accrued employer’s contribution. 

As per the above dialogue, it’s clear that for Worldwide Staff, the refund of pension funds is accessible solely when India and their nation have entered right into a Social Safety Settlement. Thus, this can be very difficult for individuals who belong to the nation with which India doesn’t have SSAs, and their pension funds are locked-up in India until the time they attain the age of 58 years. Additionally, the withdrawal of pension funds may be made solely to an Indian account which makes your entire withdrawal course of much more tough.


Usually, when folks take up assignments within the overseas international locations, they solely take note of the taxation system of the nation and infrequently overlook the social safety system. In India, the social safety system is carried out by means of the Worker Provident Fund Group. Accordingly, each group in India with 20 or extra workers is required to register beneath EPF. In EPF, each worker and employer every contribute 12% of the worker’s wage into the EPF account of the worker month-to-month. 

A person of one other nation who’s working with a company in India which is registered beneath EPF and an Indian particular person who’s working in a rustic with which India has a Social Safety Settlement, are referred to as Worldwide Staff (IW). As a result of this settlement the Indian employee can remit its pension contribution to India or every other nation upon relocation to India or any third nation. 

A global employee can withdraw pension in any of the next situations: 

  1. On the time of retirement or after attaining the age of 58. 
  2. In case of any severe sickness like most cancers, mind tumor, and so on. 
  3. After finishing employment in India.
  4. In case of retirement because of any psychological or bodily incapacity of labor.

 The quantity beneath EPS is contributed by the employer solely. Thus, its refund is accessible solely on the time of retirement and never when the employee is leaving India.  

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